Argentina Month-By-Month Crop Cycles

Below is a breakdown of the month-by-month crop production cycles in Argentina.

September

  • Early corn being planted in northern Argentina, corn planting progresses southward.
  • Sunflower planting begins.
  • Wheat is in vegetative to heading phase.
  • Temperatures in northern Argentina can be quite warm.
  • Temperatures in central Argentina warming up to 70's-80 but cool spells still possible.
  • Rainfall in the form of spring showers.

October

  • This is the main corn planting month, especially in central Argentina.
  • Finish sunflower planting.
  • Begin early soybean planting in central Argentina.
  • Wheat is moving from heading to grain filling phase.
  • Temperatures warming up to the 80's or hotter.
  • Rainfall can be variable.

November

  • Corn planting finishes in central Argentina.
  • Corn pollination starts in northern Argentina.
  • Soybean planting at full steam.
  • Wheat moving from grain filling to maturity.
  • Sunflowers are flowering.
  • Temperatures now at summertime levels, can have heat waves as well.
  • Summertime rains usually become more abundant.

December

  • Last corn planted in southern Argentina.
  • Corn beginning to pollinate in central Argentina.
  • Corn in northern Argentina moving from grain filling to maturity.
  • Finish planting full season soybeans.
  • Main month for harvesting wheat.
  • Start planting double crop soybeans after wheat is harvested.
  • Temperatures now approaching maximum summer highs.
  • Rainfall usually abundant, but can have dry spells.

January

  • Early corn in northern Argentina approaching maturity.
  • Corn moving from pollination to grain filling in central Argentina.
  • By end of month, some early corn and sunflowers are starting to be harvested.
  • Finish wheat harvest by early January.
  • Finish planting double crop soybeans by early January.
  • Full season soybeans flowering and starting to set pods.
  • Maximum summer temperatures.
  • Summer rains usually abundant, but can have dry spells.

February

  • More corn and sunflowers now being harvested.
  • Corn in central Argentina entering grain filling phase.
  • Full season soybeans setting and filling pods.
  • Double crop soybeans flowering.
  • Sunflower harvest in full swing.
  • Temperatures can still be very hot, but starting to cool by end of month.
  • Rainfall usually getting lighter.

March

  • Corn harvest in full swing, much of the crop maturing.
  • Main month for soybean pod filling.
  • Harvest begins on early maturing soybeans.
  • Temperatures cooling down.
  • Rainfall getting lighter.

April

  • Finish up most of the corn harvest.
  • Full season soybean harvest in full swing.
  • Start to plant winter small grain crops.
  • Temperatures cooling to "fall-like" levels.
  • Rainfall continues to get lighter.

May

  • Finish harvesting full season soybeans.
  • Begin harvesting early double crop soybeans.
  • Main month for planting winter small grains.

June-July-August

  • This is fall and winter in Argentina.
  • Temperatures in northern Argentina are pleasant, temperatures in central Argentina are cool and frosts can be common, temperatures in southern Argentina are cold with snow possible.
  • Winter rains can occur at any time.
  • Finish planting winter small grain crops in June.
  • Finish harvesting double crop soybeans in June.
  • Farmers are actively marketing their grain and watching for selling opportunities due to potential weather problems in the U.S.
  • Farmers are making plans for the next growing season and purchasing their inputs.