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September 17, 2019

2019 U.S. Corn Condition Unchanged, Soybeans decline 1%

Author: Michael Cordonnier/Soybean & Corn Advisor, Inc.

Corn - The 2019 U. S. corn condition held steady last week at 55% rated good to excellent. Nine states indicated that the corn condition improved last week while 7 states indicated that the corn condition declined last week and 2 states were unchanged. Most of the improvements were found in the central areas while most of the declines were found in the eastern and western areas. The top five rated corn states are: Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and a tie between Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. The five lowest rated corn states are: Indiana, Ohio, North Carolina, Illinois, and Michigan.

A lot of the corn development is approximately two weeks behind the average pace, so the current warmer temperatures are welcomed.

Soybeans - The 2019 U.S. soybean condition declined 1% last week to 54% rated good to excellent. Five states indicated that the soybean condition improved last week while 12 states indicated that the soybean condition declined last week and 1 state was unchanged. Most of the improvements were found in the central locations while most of the declines were found in the eastern and western. The top five rated soybean states are: Mississippi, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Louisiana, and South Dakota. The five lowest rated soybean states are: Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Missouri.

Hotter and dryer weather in the eastern and southern areas led to most of the soybean declining conditions. The state reports from Indiana and Ohio both mentioned that the soybean crop was suffering from dry conditions.

Soil Moisture - The nation's soil moisture improved last week with 6 states indicating improved soil moisture and 12 states indicating lower soil moisture. Most of the improvements were found in the northern locations while most of the declines were found in the central and southern locations. The five states with the best soil moisture are: South Dakota, Minnesota, Kansas, Wisconsin, and North Dakota. The five states with the lowest soil moisture are: Arkansas, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi.

Even though there were only 6 states with higher soil moisture this week, those six are generally big production states and the soil moisture really shot up in those states. The soil moisture in South Dakota is now 100% adequate to surplus, Wisconsin is 98%, North Dakota is 97%, Minnesota is 97%, and Nebraska is 90%. In contrast, Indiana is 46% short to very short, Ohio is 41%, Illinois is 37%, and the mid-South and Delta are over 70% short to very short on moisture.