September 26, 2012
Month-By-Month Crop Production Cycle for Argentina
Last week we looked at Brazil's production cycle and this week we will look at the month-by-month crop prModuction cycle for Argentina. I have listed the cropping sequence and the general weather patterns that can be expected for each month.
- Sunflower planting begins in northern Argentina.
- Corn planting begins in north-central Argentina and eastern Argentina and progresses southward.
- Wheat is in vegetative development.
- Temperatures in northern Argentina can be quite warm.
- Temperatures in central Argentina warming up to 70's-80's, but cool spells still possible.
- Rainfall in the form of spring showers.
- This is the main corn-planting month, especially in central Argentina.
- Finish sunflower planting.
- Begin early soybean planting in central Argentina.
- Wheat is moving from vegetative development to flowering.
- Temperatures warming up to the 80's or hotter.
- Rainfall can be variable.
- Corn planting complete in central Argentina.
- Corn pollination starting for earliest planted corn.
- Soybean planting in full swing.
- Wheat moving from flowering to grain filling to maturity and early wheat harvest begins.
- Sunflowers are flowering.
- Temperatures now at summertime levels, heat waves are possible.
- Summertime rains usually become more common.
- Last corn planted in southern and northern Argentina.
- Early planted corn pollinating in central Argentina.
- Finish planting full season soybeans, planting double crop soybeans after wheat harvest.
- Most of wheat harvested by the end of the month.
- Temperatures now approaching maximum summer highs.
- Rainfall usually abundant, but can have dry spells.
- Early planted corn filling grain and approaching maturity.
- By end of month, some early corn and sunflowers are starting to be harvested.
- Finish wheat harvest by early January.
- Finish planting double crop soybeans by early January.
- Full season soybeans flowering and starting to set pods.
- Maximum summer temperatures.
- Summer rains usually abundant, but can have dry spells.
- More corn and sunflowers now being harvested.
- Later planted corn entering grain-filling phase.
- Full season soybeans setting and filling pods.
- Double crop soybeans flowering.
- Sunflower harvest in full swing.
- Maximum summer temperatures, but starting to cool by the end of the month.
- Normal summer rainfall, may start to get lighter by the end of the month.
- Corn harvest in full swing, remaining corn maturing.
- Main month for soybean pod filling.
- Harvest begins on early maturing soybeans.
- Sunflower harvest completed.
- Temperatures cooling down.
- Rainfall getting lighter.
- Corn harvest is wrapping up.
- Full season soybean harvest in full swing.
- Start to plant winter small grain crops.
- Temperatures cooling to "fall-like" levels.
- Rainfall continues to get lighter.
- Finish harvesting full season soybeans.
- Harvesting double crop soybeans.
- Main month for planting winter small grains.
- Temperatures continue cooling.
- Moderate rainfall.
- This is the winter season in Argentina.
- Temperatures in northern Argentina are pleasant, temperatures in central Argentina are cool and frosts can be common, temperatures in southern Argentina are cold with snow possible.
- Winter rains/snow can occur at any time.
- Finish planting winter small grain crops in June.
- Finish harvesting double crop soybeans in June.
- Farmers are actively marketing their grain and watching for selling opportunities due to potential weather problems in the U.S.
- Farmers are making plans for the next growing season and purchasing their inputs.
- By the end of August early spring-like temperatures starting to return.